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Irc:sp 20 slab culvert

IRC SP 020: Rural Roads Manual. Rajesh Yadav. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 34 Full PDFs related to this paper. READ PAPER. IRC SP 020: Rural Roads Manual. Download. IRC SP 020: Rural Roads Manual ISGPP Panchayats & Rural Developmen Designator of Legally Binding Document: IRC SP 020 Title of Legally Binding Document: Rural Roads Manual LEGALLY BINDING DOCUMENT Step Out From the Old to the New--Jawaharlal Nehru Invent a new India using knowledge.--Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda. Translations. This standard has been transformed into HTML and then translated into a number of.

20_PRICE ADJUSTMENT G.O.s and CIRCULARS in ROADS &... 19_MULTIWAY CONVERSION OF COMMONLY USED UNITS FOR 18_BITUMINOUS CONCRETE AGGREGATE GRADATION EXAMPLE... 17_SAND GRADATION EXAMPLES as per IS:383-1970; 16_STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS as per IR... 15_Wet Mix Macadam Flakiness Index and Elongation. 1.2.4. Culvert: Culvert is a structure having a total length of upto 6 m between the outer faces of walls measured at right angles. Cross drainage structures with pipes will be termed as culvert, irrespective of length. 1.3 The Small Bridges and Culverts can be of following types: a) RCC Hume Pipes b) RCC slab on masonry/concrete abutment and pier

IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of Small Bridges and Culverts. 154 Pages. IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of Small Bridges and Culverts. Champa Majumder. Download PDF. Download Full PDF Package. This paper. A short summary of this paper. 34 Full PDFs related to this paper. Read Paper IRC:SP:20-2002: Rural Roads Manual: 139. IRC:SP:21-2009: Guidelines Plantation on Landscaping and trees: 140. IRC:SP:22-1986: Recommendation for the Sizes for each Type of Road Making Machinery to Cater to the General Demand of Road Works: 141. IRC:SP:23-1983: Vertical Curves for Highways: 142. IRC:SP:24-198 Title: IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of Small Bridges and Culverts Author: Indian Roads Congress Keywords: http://archive.org/details/govlawircy2004sp13_

Designator of Legally Binding Document: IRC SP 013 Title of Legally Binding Document: Guidelines for the Design of Small Bridges and Culverts LEGALLY BINDING DOCUMENT Step Out From the Old to the New--Jawaharlal Nehru Invent a new India using knowledge.--Satyanarayan Gangaram Pitroda. Translations I. Construction of paved shoulder 20.000 Km 38.61 km Rs. 772.20 Appendix - B1 Rs. 3,449.40 C. Cross Drainage Structures I. RCC Slab Culvert 1.50m span 39 No. 10.78 Each Rs. 420.55 Appendix - C1 II. RCC Slab Culvert 2.00m span 61 No. 11.09 Each Rs. 676.68 Appendix - C2 III Design of Box Culverts, RCC Voided Slab, RCC Slab, T-beam Girder Bridge on Open Foundation Time Period Description of Topic Day 1 09:45-13:00 Types of Bridges and Hydraulic calculations for bridges Minor Bridg

Culverts IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of Small Bridges and IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS (SPAN UP TO 6.00M) for culverts is covered in IRC:SP:13. Analysis and Design of Box Culvert: A Manual Approach Page 20/29. Read Book Irc Manual For Culverts Box Culvert - A culvert in the. IRCSP13_Design of SlabCulverts.pdf - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or view presentation slides online. STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS (SPAN up to 6.00m) as per IRC:SP:13-2004 Compiled by V.VENKATA NARAYAN Download >> Download Irc rural roads manual 1998Read Online >> Read Online Irc rural roads manual 1998irc sp 48 1998 hill road manual r.c.c. slab culvert drawing geometric design of hill roads pdf hill road manual pdf rural road manual culverts small bridges hill road construction manual sp 20 code road construction pdf download RURAL ROADS IRC : 21 -2000 workability for placing condition of the concrete to ensure proper compaction. Suggested ranges of workability of concrete measured in accordance with IS:1l95 are given below : Degree of Workability Slump (mm) Low 25-50 Medium 50-100 High 100-150 302.ll.3

IRC: 5-1998 - Section I- General Features of Design (Seventh Revision) IRC: 6-2014 - Section II- Loads and Stresses (Revised Edition) IRC: 112-2011 - Code of Practice for Concrete Road Bridge

(PDF) IRC SP 020: Rural Roads Manual Rajesh Yadav

irc sp 13 2004 design of small bridges and culverts irc, section of 2 00m span r c c slab culvert irc sp 13, google, statements of practice gov uk, google, skmobi files wordpress com, 12 26 2018 1994 sp baseball pack 13 break opening video, detikcom informasi berita terupdate hari ini, irc sp 013 guidelines for the design interne MODELS AND DESIGN HTC offers two U11 models: one for Sprint and an unlocked model (avail. HTC U11 $696.00 4/5 Stars HTC's passion for sound has come through in its phones for years, and I hear it again in the U11 for Sprint, a shimmery slab of audio excellence. There's a lot more going on with the U11, however. It's also the first U.S IRC: SP: 42-1994 gives the following chart for estimating the time of concentration (Fig. 8.16): For reliable estimation of critical intensity of rainfall, it would be ideal to have rainfall records at short intervals—5, 10, 20, 30, 40, 50, and 60 minutes

IRC SP 020: Rural Roads Manual : Indian Roads Congress

  1. Mizora
  2. 5.Rugosity Coefficient(n) (As per table 5 of IRC:SP 13) 0.025 6.Vertical clearence proposed (As per clause 15.5 of IRC:SP 13&as per profile) 0.509 6.Bottom of deck proposed (MFL+Vertical clearence) 1.997 7.Road Crest level (Bottom of deck level+thickness of deck slab) 2.862 8.Width of carriage way 5.50
  3. IRC: SP: 62-2004-Guidelines forthe Design of Rigid Pavements for Low Volume Roads. Published by THE INDIAN ROAD CONGRESS 2004 NEW DELHI. IRC: SP: 20: 2004-'Rural Road Manual', INDIAN ROAD CONGRESS, NEW DELHI, (2004). IRC: SP: 72-2007-Guidelines For The Design Of Flexible Pavements For Low Volume Rural Roads
  4. The lower limit is adequate to satisfy all single box culvert top slabs up to 20 feet of fill if the slab thickness is proportioned to satisfy flexural requirements with the primary flexural reinforcement limited to 0.375 ρbal and the bar size of the primary flexural reinforcement is limited such that the bar may be fully developed
  5. imum 6m in SP:20 (virtually 6. M including parapet and drain) 5. M in Hill Road Manual for VR. Existing roads with formation width upto 5.0m may wait. If a link road carries traffic more than 100 motorized vehicles per day, the carriageway width will be 3. M
  6. This is as per the provisions of IRC specifications for Rural Roads (IRC: SP-20:2002). 2.3 Right of Way (ROW): The requirement of ROW for village roads as specified in IRC-SP 20:2002 is as below: Road Classification Plain and Rolling terrain Open area Built up area Rural Roads (ODR & VR) 15 to 25 m 15-20 M Against the above requirements, the.
  7. imum internal diameter 90.0 cm be constructed by the agency, who is executing this work under NREGA and should follow the Specifications for Rura

16_STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS as per IRC:SP:13-200

IRC-SP:62 -2004 Guidelines for Design and Construction of Cement Concrete Pavement for Rural Roads K.Suresh, S.K.Singh and B.B. Pandey Innovative Design of Concrete Pavements. Seminar on design, construction and maintenance of cement concrete pavements 8-10. Oct,2004, New Delhi; IRC-SP:20-2002 Rural Road Manua MORD Specifications IRC SP 20 2002 Guidelines June 13th, 2019 - Welcome to A P Roads and Buildings Dept Quality Assurance Blog 29 7 11 MORD Specifications IRC SP 20 2002 Guidelines amp Construction of Rural Roads A REVIEW OF INNOVATIVE RURAL ROAD CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUES June 15th, 2019 - A REVIEW OF INNOVATIVE RURAL ROAD CONSTRUCTION TECHNIQUE K 1 = 1.0 W C = 0.15 kcf, unit weight of concrete n = Es / Ec = 8, modular ratio LRFD [5.6.1] 36.2.2 Bridge or Culvert Occasionally, the waterway opening(s) for a highway-stream crossing can be provided for b The in-house standards, work procedures and quality plan prepared with reference to IRC: SP 19-2001, IRC: SP 20, IRC: SP 13 (in respect of surveys for rivers/streams) and current international practices have been followed during the above survey. Concrete in superstructure of slab culvert - M-{Insert grade} (RCC STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS (SPAN UP TO 6.00M) PIPE CULVERTS SPECIFICATION - AS PER IRC SP 84-2014 Chapter 5 DESIGN STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS Culvert Manual - Page 15/46. Download Ebook Irc Manual For Culverts idot.illinois.gov Facilities Development Manual TABLE O

Guidelines for Th

  1. Manual For Culverts DETAILS OF SLAB CULVERTS (SPAN UP TO 6.00M) PIPE CULVERTS SPECIFICATION - AS PER IRC SP 84-2014 Chapter 5 DESIGN STANDARDS AND SPECIFICATIONS Culvert Manual - idot.illinois.gov Facilities Development Manual TABLE OF CONTENTS ~ CULVERT DESIGN Page 12/3
  2. cast-in-situ slab. This type of superstructure is generally used for spans between 20 to 40 m. Majority of prestress concrete bridges, constructed in India are post tension type. The span to depth ratio is usually kept as 20 for simply supported spans and 25 for continuous spans. The girder spacing of 2 to 3 m
  3. Thickness of Slab - 150 mm ; One Way Slab Bar Bending Schedule Calculation. Step 1 . FIrst, find number of rods required for main reinforcement and distribution. Number of Required Bars Formula = (Length of slab / spacing) + 1. Number of Main Bars = Ly / spacing + 1 = (4000/150) + 1 = 27 no
  4. 1.0 m span slab culvert as per irc sp-13 275 mm kerb wall 7.0 m wide proposed service road edge of road rui 00.00 -5 m paved shoulder 10. m 15.0m m paved shoulder 2.0m earthen shoulder buffer strip rl +99.700 2.0m earthen shoulder il = 30.0m elevation of fuel station 50mm compacted sand filling water bound macadam (75mm thk.eac in two layers
  5. Providing and fixing stone slab covering over drains (Kota/Bijoliya Quarry) having thickness 75 mm to 150 mm including filling of joints in cement mortar 1:3 with 50 mm thick cement concrete flooring in 1:2:4 mix complete with good finish as per approved drawings and specifications.for drain Opeining Size 300 to 450 mm Stone Patty drain cover.

IRC:SP 62 -2004, Guidelines for design of CC the top 10-20 mm of this • The current practice is to provide these joints only when concrete slab abuts with bridge or culvert x IRC-6-2017 for load calculation, IRC-112-2019, IRC- SP -13, IRC- 21 -2000. which has bottom slab (Raft) and vertical walls. Top sla b needed to be made otherwise precast slab also avail able in For a box culvert, the top slab is required to withstan d dead loads, live loads from moving traffic, earth pressu re o box culvert with square or rectangular openings are used up to spans of 4m. The height of the vent generally does not exceed 3m. [1] Box culverts are economical due to their rigidity and monolithic action and separate foundation are not required since the bottom slab resting directly on the soil, serves as raft slab. For small discharges IRC SP 19 2001 IRC SP 20 IRC SP 13 in respect of surveys for rivers streams section of 2 00m span r c c slab culvert irc sp 13, irc sp , msn outlook office skype bing breaking news and, office 365 , 13 standard designs 131 morth standard design for slab, skmobi files wordpress com, pdf irc sp 73 2015 free download pdf tuxdoc com. Submersible bridges, which were a part of section 1400, have now been deleted. In the revised first edition, section 1400, deals with super structure. Section 1200 deals with 'Foundation and substructure for structures' in the revised version, where as previously, this section dealt on RCC Slab culverts and minor bridges'

Slab Culvert Sample Estimate - Free download as PDF File (.pdf), Text File (.txt) or read online for free. Slab culvert download with email irc sp 013 guidelines for the design of small bridges and culverts download irc sp 013 guidelines for the design of small bridges and culverts, a culvert is a structure that allows water to flow under a road railroad trail o As per clause no 10.22.3.1 of IRC: SP: 48- 1998, Hill road manual, In high altitude area which are subjected to There are total 18 No's of Hume Pipe Culvert and 57 no of Slab Culvert of following dimensions are being 18 4+250 Slab 1 x 3 m 19 4+500 Slab 1 x 3 m 20 4+750 Pipe 1 x 1200 mm 21 5+000 Slab 1 x 3 m 22 5+250 Slab 1 x 3 m.

Whitman Plastic Storage Box for 20 Slab CoinsToe Wall Design

Thickness of slab and walls are normally taken as 1/10th to 1/15th of total span, from design of bridge structures M A Jayram. Depth of the slab=0.45m Depth of bottom slab=0.45m Depth of vertical slab=0.45m Table.NO 1. From IRC SP 13-2004 PNO 37 provide free board Discharge(cumecs) freeboard(m) 0.300 0.150 0.3- 3 0.450 3-30 0.450 30-300 0.90 Wherever existing slab/box culverts and bridges allow a vertical clearance of more than 2 m, these can be used in dry season for pedestrian and cattle crossing by providing necessary flooring. However, these will not be a substitute for normal requirements of pedestrian and cattle crossings. Lateral and Vertical Clearance at Overpasse Culverts can be of different shapes such as arch, slab and box. These can be constructed with different material such as masonry (brick, stone etc.) or reinforced cement concrete. Since culvert pass through the earthen embankment, these are subjected to same traffic loads as the road carries and therefore, required to be designed for such loads

View BRIDGE BOOK.pdf from CIVIL ENGG CE31002 at Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur. SIMPLE WAY OF CONSTRUCTING ROAD BRIDGES IMPORTANT NOTE Respected Engineers, As the Booklet was prepared 1 Ministry of Road Transport & Highways, Government of Indi Slab culvert steel design. Culverts Bottom Slab of Multiple Barrel Culverts Call for a permitted construction joint in the bottom slab of all multiple barrel culverts 12 inches (300 mm) from an interior wall and place the following note on the plans: Steel in the bottom slab may be spliced at the permitted construction joint at the Contractor's option of water, and 2) the culvert is empty

(PDF) IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of Small

The cushion is increased on the top slab with an increment of 0.5 m and restricted up to 6 m. The density of the BC and other materials is 22 kN/m 3 and 20 kN/m 3 respectively. The box structures are exposed to surround of the environment during the service life. The environmental conditions will change from area to area in a country 7.7 Culverts 73 7.8 Prestressing 74 7.9 Form Work 75 7.10 Foundation and Sub-structures 76 7.11 Approach Slab 78 7.12 Superstructure 78 7.13 Bearings 78 7.14 Expansion Joints 79 7.15 Wearing Coat 79 7.16 Earth Retaining Structures 80 7.17 River Training and Protective Works 80 7.18 Safety Barriers 80 7.19 Rail Road Bridges 8 STRUCTURAL DETAILS OF SLAB Page 12/30. Download Ebook Irc Manual For Culverts CULVERTS (SPAN UP TO 6.00M) for culverts is covered in IRC:SP:13. For hill roads and road tunnels, reference may also be made to IRC: 52 Recommendations about the Alignment, Survey and Geometric Design of Hill Roads, IRC:SP:48 Hil Joined: 20 Feb 2010 Posts: 12: Posted: Thu Oct 27, 2011 4:05 am Post subject: IRC LOAD STANDARD LIVE LOAD FOR BOX CULVERT: Dear sefians, can anyone guide me about the IRC standard live Load to be consider for design of box culvert of span of 6m span. Refer IRC SP 20-2002 Rural Road Manual , Type Designs are given for different spans for box.

PIPE CULVERT DESIGN | Structural Engineering | Engineering

IRC SPECIFICATIONS, STANDARDS, DESIGN CODES - Help The

The current practice is to provide these joints only when concrete slab abuts with bridge or culvert. • They allow expansion of slabs due to temperature • They permit contraction of slabs Normal Details of these joints are given in IRC:SP62. They are about 20 mm in width and at a maximum spacing of 50m. A joint filler board of compressible. CLAUSE SP-20 ADDITIONAL SPECIFICATIONS FOR WATER PROOFING MEMBRANE ON SUPERSTRUCTURE In the absence of any definite provisions on any particular issue in the aforesaid Specifications, reference may be made to the latest codes and specifications of IRC, BIS, BS, ASTM, AASHTO and CAN/CSA in that order. Where even these are silent, th reduced to 6 m as per latest guidelines) with 3.75 m carriageway in accordance with the IRC-SP 20: 2002 in plain terrain. The proposal considers a 3.75 m cement concrete pavement with lined pipe or slab culverts/bridge structures are considered for drainage channels across the roads. Few minor bridges are also proposed to be constructed Source: IRC: SP: 73-2007 A certificate from such laboratory can be the only basis of acceptance of the semi-rigid type, in which case all the design details and construction details tested by the laboratory are to be followed in to without modifications, and without changing relative strengths and positions of any of the connections and elements

free download IRC Codes, Indian Road Congress,IRC 002 1968 Route Marker Signs for National Highways IRC 003 1983 Dimensions and Weights of Road Design Vehicles IRC 005 1998 Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges, Section I (General Features of Design) (Seventh Revision) IRC 006 2014 Standard Specifications and Code of Practice for Road Bridges, Section II - Loads and. IRC:SP: l3-2004 culverts/small bridges. However for low category road which do not have bituminous surfaces, concrete wearing coat of average 75 mm need be adopted and approach profile may be suitably graded. 13.5.3. Approach slab: Approach slab can be dispensed with in case of culverts. 13.5.4 Ans: As per IRC SP 84-014 minimum dia of new pipe culvert should not be less than 1200 mm & pipe should be NP4 pipe. Minimum depth of earth cushion over pipe excluding road crust shall not be less than 600 mm for new,reconstructed and retained culverts constructed in National Highway projects

IRC SP 013: Guidelines for the Design of Small Bridges and

Dismantling of Structures (Dismantling of existing structures like culverts, bridges, retaining walls and other structure comprising of masonry, cement concrete, wood work, steel work, including T&P and scaffolding wherever necessary, sorting the dismantled material, disposal of unserviceable material and stacking the serviceable material with all lift and lead as per Technical specification. 4-Sided Box Culverts: Below on the left is a side by side box culvert at Hickories Park in Owego. Each box culvert has 20' span with a 12' rise. Deck Slabs: On the bottom right is a picture of the Lovers Lane Road project in Unadilla. These deck slabs measured 35.67' long by 4.5' wide by 1.83' thick IRC:SP:19-2001MANUAL FOR SURVEY, INVESTIGATION AND PREPARATION OF ROAD PROJECTS Published by INDIAN ROADS CONGRESS Jamnagar House, Shahjahan Road, New Delhi-HOOOI 2001 Price Rs.320/ (plus packing and postage) IRC:SP: 19-2001 First Published First Revision December, 1997 December, 2001 (Rights of Publication and of Translation are Reserved. IRC:SP:89-2010) 48. IRC:50-1973 Recommended Design Criteria for the Use of Cement Modified Soil in Road Construction 60.00 20.00 49. IRC:51-1992 Guidelines for the Use of Soil Lime Mixes in Road Construction (First Revision) (Amalgamated with IRC:SP:89-2010) 50. IRC:52-2019 Guidelines for the Alignment Survey an

IRCSP13 - Design of SlabCulverts PDF Civil Engineering

Please clarify the type of additional 20 culverts (pipe/slab/box) Box Culverts 3/23/2012 2. Query No. Clause Ref. Page No. of Document Query from the bidder Clarifications There is also a latest revision available IRC-SP-87- Oct 2010, Kindly confirm which has to be followed IRC-SP-87 2010 will be applicable for this project. Please refer to. April 18th, 2019 - Irc standard drawings for culverts download on Caa2011 2 org free books and manuals search ISO STANDARD DRAWING SCALES PDF IRC List of Codes bala bala Academia edu IRC 2 1968 IRC 3 1983 Design of Small Bridges and Culverts First Revision A Manual for the Applications of the Cell Box Culverts with and withou DESIGN OF RAFT FOR THE SLAB CULVERT Name of the work:-Construction of Slab culvert on the R/f R&B Road to Sariapalli SC colony. Abutment Abutment. Length of the Raft:-7.00m. Width of the Raft:-6.75m. Total load on the Raft:Dead Load:Wt.of Deck slab = 257.44Kn. Wt.of wearing coat = 48.88Kn. Wt.of bed blocks over abutments = 90.76K 18. Pre-cast culverts and high-level bridge (RCC Solid Slab for < 15 m spans, RCC T Beam Slab for 15 m to 20 m spans, and PSC Girder with RCC Slab for > 20 m Spans) or any other innovative bridge-type viz. voided slab, continuous bridges, etc. should be preferred based on detailed design and economy in consideration. 19

Irc rural roads manual 1998 - Telegrap

2 1.0 M Span Slab Culvert 1 2.19 3 1.5 M Span Slab Culvert 1 3.45 4 1.5X1.5 M Span Slab Culvert 1 4.79 5 2 X 2 M Span Slab Culvert 1 6.96 6 3 M Span Slab Culvert 1 5.20 7 5.0 M Span Slab Culvert 1 7.80 ENVIRONMENT MANAGEMENT PLAN Identification of environmental impacts in the earlier stages of project preparatio The Reinforced Concrete Design Handbook provides assistance to professionals engaged in the design of reinforced concrete buildings and related structures. This edition is a major revision that brings it up-to-date with the approach and provisions of Building Code Requirements for Structural Concrete (ACI 318-14) problem(Ref: IRC-13, IRC-21, IRC-78)- Pipe culvert- Flow pattern in pipe culvers- culvert alignment- culvert entrance structure- Hydraulic design and structural design of pipe culverts- reinforcements in pipes .(Ref: IRC: SP-13) REFERENCES: 1. Design of concrete bridges- Aswini, Vazirani, Ratwani 2

IRC 21-2000 - SlideShar

tender for Civil Works - Roads work -Nh52 To Old Deka ( 3 . 08Km ) Rcc Slab Culvert , Pucca Side Drain , Earthen Drain , R/B/Wall , Sub Grade Preparation Shoulder Gsb Wbm Iii And Pmc Road Furniture Etc - 20-08-202 CURRENCY EQUIVALENTS as of May 2015 Currency unit — Indian rupee (Rs) Rs 1.00 = $ .01572 $1.00 = Rs 63.5981 ABBREVIATIONS ADB : Asian Development Bank BIS : Bureau of Indian St 300mm Yes/No. 19 Provision of culvert, designed for drainage according to LATEST IRC:SP-13 Slab culvert with iron grating of adequate strength Yes/No. 20 (i) Provision of drinking water and toilet facilities along with proper display board at the entry to fuel station Drawing showing these Yes/no. (ii) Provision of proper drainage arrangement. 7.7 Culverts and bridges using pipes 79 7.8 Temporary Works 79 7.9 Foundations and Sub-structures 80 7.10 Approach Slabs 82 7.11 Superstructures 82 7.12 Bearings 83 7.13 Expansion Joints 83 7.14 Wearing Coat 84 7.15 Reinforced Earth Retaining Structures 84 7.16 River Training and Protective Works 85 7.17 Safety Barriers 85 7.18 Rail-Road Bridges 8

Type Design of Causeway | Area | Force

CULVERTS Culvert is a cross drainage structure having a total length of 6.0 m or less between the inner faces of dirt walls (backing walls). The culverts are constructed for minor discharges. It may be a Pipe culvert (or) Slab culvert. PIPE CULVERT: The pipe culverts are constructed for nominal flows like field channels, mino (slab culvert) with grating/ perforations Provision of Culvert drainage in accordance IRC SP-13-''--Provision lbr mtercepting drain with vertical Drain system for Rain water harvesting at the downstream end of intercePting drain (According to APPendix A-2 of IRC:SP :50) Downward slope of the access Minimum2% road towards the interoepting drai -- -- 20 10 Total Credits /Marks 16 200 (Ref: IRC- SP-13) UNIT-II Super Structure: Slab bridge- Wheel load on slab- effective width method- slabs supported culvers- culvert alignment- culvert entrance structure- Hydraulic design and structural design