Concussion risk factors

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The biggest risk factor for concussion is a previous concussion or repetitive blows to the head. Boxing, for example, is associated with much higher risk of long-term concussive damage due to direct head strikes. 9  Avoiding direct, repetitive injury is the single most important factor in lowering personal risk for complications of concussion A previous concussion is probably the most important influence on risk for future injury. Extrinsic risk factors include coaching techniques, officiating, and choice of sport. Helmet choice does not diminish concussion risk, nor does the use of mouth guards Activities and factors that may increase your risk of a concussion include: Falling, especially in young children and older adults Participating in a high-risk sport, such as football, hockey, soccer, rugby, boxing or other contact sport Participating in high-risk sports without proper safety equipment and supervisio

Concussion Risk Factors. Certain activities make you more prone to getting a concussion, which is a brain injury that happens when you hit your head and your brain jostles inside your skull. Here are some of the actions and activities that put you at higher risk for getting a concussion: Falling; Contact sports, like football, rugby, and socce In emergency departments, the leading causes of concussions are falls, motor vehicle trauma, assaults, and sports. Sport, position, and style of play. In sports-related concussions, contact sports have the highest rate of concussions The road to recovering from a concussion can be made longer by pre-existing conditions such as learning disabilities, a history of migraines, motion sickness, or eye misalignment. These can all play a role in lengthening the recovery time for concussions. Read on to learn more about risk factors. Never Miss a Beat Risk Factors As with any injury or damage to the human body, there are prevalent risk factors that should be addressed when regarding a concussion. Friends and family members of an individual suffering from a concussion, as well as the hurt person themselves, should all be aware of the potential for further harm or development of symptoms Research suggests that concussion risk may be modulated by several factors. Studies often report sports concussion occurring more frequently in women, younger athletes and those with a history of previous concussion. 7 - 10 However, the exact aetiology of concussion is unclear

Concussion risk factors results in organic injury to the brain, in most cases, by the mechanism of diffuse axonal injury. Process not an Event Because concussions are often missed or misdiagnosed among older adults, be especially alert if you know that an older adult has fallen or has a fall-related injury, such as a hip fracture. Older adults may have a higher risk of serious complications from a concussion, such as bleeding on the brain PCS often causes patients to sleep more than usual at first, and then many develop issues falling asleep. It's very common after concussion to be more irritable and with PCS, many can experience anxiety and depression. Physical symptoms can include headaches, neck pain, dizziness, and sensitivity to light and sound

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American Indian/Alaska Native children and adults have higher rates of TBI-related hospitalizations and deaths than other racial or ethnic groups. 1,7-9 Factors that contribute to this disparity include higher rates of motor vehicle crashes, 10 substance use, 10 and suicide 11 as well as difficulties in accessing appropriate healthcare. 1 Risk factors for CTE include: number of repetitive head impacts, the age of first exposure to contact sports, length of contact sports career, sport played, position played, and genetics. The biggest risk factor for CTE is total overall exposure to repetitive head impacts. CTE has not been linked to the huge, bone-crunching hits that can render. Risk Factors While it is clear that participating in contact sports and riding in automobiles increases risk of concussion, there are some risk factors of which many may be unaware. In Guay et al.'s paper, The Era of Sport Concussion- Evolution of Knowledge, Practice and the Role of Psychology contributing risk factors include: 1 Various demographic and medical history factors are associated with increased concussion risk. While certain factors (e.g. sex and previous concussion) are consistently associated with increased concussion risk, regardless of concussion injury setting, other factors significantly influence concussion risk within specific injury settings To determine risk factors associated with concussion among the general collegiate population using a unique data linkage methodology. Methods Student health medical, counseling, and disability access service data were linked with university enrollment data to provide a comprehensive, de-identified dataset of students who sought care at the.

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The state of an individual's lifestyle, overall mental health and the manner in which they handle themselves after a concussion can significantly impact whether or not additional mental health issues follow after the initial incident. One of the leading risk factors includes the existing presence of mental health issues A concussion is a mild traumatic brain injury caused by a bump, violent jolt or blow to your head. Anyone from infants to the elderly can get a concussion. Headache is the most common symptom. Most symptoms resolve within 14 to 21 days. Although recovery plans are unique to each person, all involve mental and physical rest and a gradual return. Evidence Brief: Risk Factors for Concussion 6 . Sex. Currently, the scientific evidence on sex as a risk factor for concussion is mixed, with some studies reporting a higher risk of TBI among females and others reporting a higher risk among males. The literature largely does not assess concussions independently from other TBI outcomes

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Sports-Related Concussions & Subconcussive Injuries History of prior concussion, collision sports, female sex, and women's soccer are the strongest known risk factors for concussion, while symptoms such as persistent headaches, migraines, amnesia, and multiple symptoms appear to be associated with prolonged recovery, says a new study. Risk factors. Risk factors for developing persistent post-concussive symptoms include: Age. Studies have found increasing age to be a risk factor for persistent post-concussive symptoms. Sex. Women are more likely to be diagnosed with persistent post-concussive symptoms, but this may be because women are generally more likely to seek medical care While most concussions can heal, there are some risk factors that could cause a person to suffer from permanent brain damage after a concussion. When patients don't take their concussion seriously, no matter how mild it is, they could put themselves at risk for brain damage

Many risk factors have been linked with concussion, including genetic variation. Though many studies have tried to find genetic variations associated with concussion risk, no one has performed an unbiased, large cohort, genome-wide study to search for potential genetic markers A univariate Poisson regression analysis was conducted to highlight potential risk factors (sex, age group, previous concussion, height, weight, symptoms, previous injury, position, year of play, and Sport Concussion Assessment Tool Scores) Risk factors: No studies were reported specific to basketball and wrestling. Football:Kerr et al. (2014) describes the epidemiology of concussions resulting from player-to-player collisions in high school football by impact location. This paper demonstrated that most concussions resulted from player-to-player collisions or contact, with the greatest risk related to head-to-head contact or. Abstract Background: Epidemiologic studies have suggested that concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI), is associated with a twofold or greater increase in relative risk for the development of post-traumatic epilepsy

Concussion Causes and Risk Factors. The brain is made of soft tissue. It's cushioned by spinal fluid and encased in the protective shell of the skull. When you have a blow or bump to your head,. Concussion is a type of traumatic brain injury that is caused by a sudden blow to the head. This is mainly seen with contact sports or in a motor vehicle crash. A recent study done by Dr. Scott Montgomery of the Oerebro University in Sweden have found a potential link between concussions sustained in the teenage years to development of Multiple Sclerosis later in life Risk Factors Post-Concussion Syndrome (PCS) is the persistence of concussion symptoms for greater than six weeks. While it is difficult to predict who will be among the 10-30 percent of people who suffer from PCS, research provides some insight about who may be at a higher risk. Demographic variables like the ones listed to the right play a role

The following are risk factors that if present could result in a longer than typical recovery from concussion. . Multiple symptoms following injury. . Moderate to severe cognitive symptoms. . Longer duration of post-traumatic headaches and/or migraine. . Symptoms of depression, anxiety, trauma Risk Factors For Sports Concussion: Only Concussion History, Game Action Certain To Increase Risk, Study Finds. Previous concussions and match play increase the risk of sustaining subsequent concussions, but the jury is still out on whether other factors, such as gender, playing position, playing level, style of play, environment and injury mechanism, also significantly increase risk of. The risk of injury is decreased when proper safety equipment is worn. Professional supervision also decreases the risk of concussion. One of the age groups at highest risk is males ages 15-24. Among females, soccer players suffer the most concussions. Age. Age is a risk factor for concussion Concussion Facts and Risk Factors. Randy Appleton . Shapiro, Appleton & Washburn (800) 752-0042. Contact Randy . Share story on Facebook; Share story on Twitter; Share story on LinkedIn; Share story via email; Concussions are one of the most common types of personal injuries, and they can occur as the result of even a minor bump, blow, or jolt. Concussion rates were estimated for 12 sports, and risk factors were quantified using generalized Poisson regression. Concussion rates ranged from 9.36 (95% confidence interval: 1.93, 16.80) per 100,000 athlete-exposures in cheerleading to 33.09 (95% confidence interval: 24.74, 41.44) per 100,000 athlete-exposures in football, where athlete.

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  1. Risk of concussion was elevated more than twofold among athletes with a history of concussion(s) relative to athletes without a history of concussion(s) even after adjusting for sport, body mass index, and grade in school. This is the first prospective study to identify history of concussion(s) as a potential risk factor for future concussions
  2. What Are the Risk Factors for Concussions? Many accidents have an increased risk of concussions, including: Car Accidents. Car accidents involve massive force. You may get tossed around inside of your vehicle. Or, You could receive a concussion when your head impacts the steering wheel, airbag, headrest, side window, or dashboard
  3. Age is also a risk as younger people are at greater risk of sustaining a concussion. Females are more predisposed to the injury because of weaker neck muscles. This risk factor is applicable for Mia too (Kerr 2014). Other risk factors were also identified by looking at medical and social history of Mia
  4. Multiple factors increase the risk of a poor outcome after concussion. Female athletes tend to have more initial symptoms and take longer to recover after concussions than do male athletes [94, 95, 96, 97].Athletes with a history of concussions, particularly 3 or more concussions, are at increased risk for developing postconcussion syndrome [38, 98] and cognitive impairments []
  5. So what are some of the most common causes and risk factors of a concussion? Sports-Related Injuries. A significant number of concussions occur due to sports-related injuries. According to the CDC, there are somewhere between 1.6 and 3.8 million sports and recreation-related concussions occurring each year in the United States
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The investigation of risk factors is an important step towards understanding [what causes] concussion. Although several risk factors were identified in the appraised studies, poor study methodology caused constrained estimation of concussion risk for almost all of the investigated risk factors, except previous concussion and match play. concussion based on those risk factors. Clinically, this provides data to help inform return to play guidelines based on risk factors for concussion. Future research should be aimed at determining whether position is a risk factor for concussion based on the number of exposures at that position The increased risk of high-impact collisions in match play of concussion in roller skating, ice skating and rollerblading.65 compared with practices is the primary reason for the increased In a large-scale level I prospective cohort study, including over risk.83 There was a wide range of risk estimate values, which 1000 concussions, high school. A cohort study to identify and evaluate concussion risk factors across multiple injury settings: findings from the CARE Consortiu

Concussion history as a risk factor has been further supported in a Level 1 study by Zemper et al. (2003) of 572 high school and collegiate football players, a Level 2 study by Hollis et al. (2009) of 347 amateur rugby players, and a Level 2 study by Marshall et al. (2015) of 8,905 student-athletes playing seven sports at the high school and. Concussion is a complex phenotype, influenced by environmental factors and an individual's genetic predisposition. This article reviews concussion incidence within elite rugby and addresses the biomechanics and pathophysiology of concussion and how genetic predisposition may influence incidence, severity and outcome Sex (P = .005), sport-risk type (P < .001), diagnosed concussion history (P < .001), concussion knowledge (P = .017), and pressure from coaches (P < .001), teammates (P < .001), fans (P = .024), and parents or family (P = .003) were factors associated with concussion nondisclosure in individual univariable logistic regressions.After we conducted multivariable analyses, male sex (P = .001. Background Approximately 10% to 20% of people with concussion experience prolonged post-concussion symptoms (PPCS). There is limited information identifying risk factors for PPCS in adult populations. This study aimed to derive a risk score for PPCS by determining which demographic factors, premorbid health conditions, and healthcare utilization patterns are associated with need for prolonged. Sport-related concussion has been defined as a traumatic brain injury (TBI) induced by biomechanical forces [].However, many factors contribute to concussion risk such as age, sex, playing position, playing level, behaviour, rules of the sport, neck strength, nutrition, and sleep quality [15,16,17].Concussion has been widely studied in relation to environmental factors, especially in rugby.

Of the 10,604 cadets studied over a three-year period, 738 suffered concussions, a disproportionate amount of whom were female. Beyond gender differences, researchers found that freshman status as well as previous concussion and headache history were the most consistent concussion risk factors Background Concussion, or mild traumatic brain injury, is a major public health concern affecting 42 million individuals globally each year. However, little is known regarding concussion risk factors across all concussion settings as most concussion research has focused on only sport-related or military-related concussive injuries

Concussion occurs when an external force to the head results in alterations in mental state such as confusion, disorientation, feeling dazed, and/or loss-of-consciousness, and/or loss of memory. Concussion has been linked with negative cognitive and mental health outcomes, as well as concerns for dementia risk There are several factors that may increase the risk of a concussion, according to the Mayo Clinic: Being involved in a motor vehicle collision Being involved in a pedestrian or bicycle acciden Concussion Legacy Foundation co-founder and medical director Dr. Robert Cantu explains the risk factors that doctors will look for when treating someone with.. Objective It has been stated that concussion is a risk factor for the development of post-traumatic epilepsy, but few data exist to support or refute this statement. We analysed the incidence and prevalence of epilepsy in a large cohort of post-concussion patients. Design Retrospective cohort study. Setting Academic tertiary care centre Concussion is a common sports injury with approximately 1.6-3.8 million sport-related concussions reported in the USA annually. Identifying risk factors may help in preventing these injuries. This systematic review aims to identify such risk factors

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Study: Concussions Lead to Increased Dementia Risk in Older Adults. The link between a single traumatic brain injury (TBI) and the risk of developing dementia has been controversial for some time. This article will discuss the current research on serum biomarkers for concussion, genetic influence on concussion, risk factors associated with concussion predisposition and poor outcome, and practical suggestions for the application of this information in clinical practice Our doctors are conducting research to identify factors that may raise a child's risk of developing post-concussion syndrome, such as a history of migraines. They are also studying how eye tracking, brain imaging with MRI, and tests of neurocognitive performance can predict the risk of post-concussion syndrome And those are risk factors for prolonged concussion symptoms, Anto-Ocrah noted. However, the researchers accounted for depression and anxiety, and those diagnoses did not seem to explain women's. Symptom reporting with scales such as the Post-Concussion Symptom Scale (PCSS) is one of the most sensitive markers of concussed status and/or recovery time, It is known that time from injury until initial clinic visit affects symptom presentation and recovery outcomes, but no study to date has evaluated changes in clinical cutoff scores for the PCSS based on earlier versus later clinical.

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Causes and Risk Situations. During a major head trauma, the brain slides back and forth against the inner walls of the skull. This can lead to bleeding around the brain, causing a concussion. Situations and factors that raise the risk of sustaining this sort of brain trauma include Concussion in children is frequently related to participation in sports. It requires a traumatic event to occur that transmits acceleration to the brain. Some children may have intrinsic risk factors that place them at greater risk for this type of injury However, little is known regarding concussion risk factors across all concussion settings as most concussion research has focused on only sport-related or military-related concussive injuries. Methods: The current study is part of the Concussion, Assessment, Research, and Education (CARE) Consortium, A scoping review method was used to identify studies that addressed risk factors or primary concussion prevention strategies focused on youth athletes (ages 5-18 years) in six sports (football, ice hockey, soccer, lacrosse, basketball, and wrestling) It is a guide derived from the Standardized Concussion Assessment Tool 2 (SCAT2) (McCrory, et al, BJSM '09) and represents a standardized method of evaluating NFL players for concussion consistent with the reasonable, RISK FACTORS: Concussion History Have you EVER had a concussion, had your bell rung, or had any of the symptoms below.

factors were evaluated as having a low level of certainty. Although several risk factors were identified from the appraised studies, prospective cohort studies, larger sample sizes, consistent and robust measures of risk should be employed in future research. Keywords: sports concussion, risk factor, level of evidence, level of certainty. following a concussion appears to be consistent with the cortico-limbic model of depression. Additionally, some individuals may be at risk for neurobiological depression and/or anxiety following a concussion. The literature also demonstrates that pre-morbid and concurrent anxiety increases the risk for prolonged concussion recovery Risk Factors for Post-Concussion Mental Disorders Identified — Injury from assault or violence ups risk; so does being black or having a psychiatric history by Judy George, Contributing Writer.

Concussions: Causes and Risk Factors - Verywell Healt

Concussions are not rare and have several risk factors, including among people who play sports. While symptoms may linger for a few weeks, most people usually make a full or almost full recovery Identifying factors that influence the risk and recovery from sport-related concussion (SRC) has become an important part of the clinical management of the injury. Consensus statements and clinical anecdotes have suggested several factors (i.e., history of migraine headaches) that may increase risk or lead to a protracted recovery from SRC This article will discuss the current research on serum biomarkers for concussion, genetic influence on concussion, risk factors associated with concussion predisposition and poor outcome, and practical suggestions for the application of this information in clinical practice. Original language: English (US) Pages (from-to It should be football that would provide an opportunity to talk about minor head injuries and concussion, but instead I get to turn to baseball and the Yankee - Red Sox series.Eric Hinske ran over Juan Posada at the plate and while he held onto the ball, Posada headed to the hospital after the game to be evaluated for headaches.It's a cryptic message isn't it - heading to the hospital for. Concussions & CTE. Given that CTE is thought to be caused by repeated head injuries, the condition may be linked with concussion. But Dr. Adler says researchers have not determined the specific connection. Therefore, we don't know how many head injuries or what genetic factors increase the chances of developing CTE

concussion, and they increased with the increasing level of body contact permitted in the sport. After adjustment for sport, body mass index, and year in school, history of concussion(s) remained a moderately strong risk factor for concussion (rate ratio = 2.28, 95% confidence interval: 1.24, 4.19). The fact that concussion history i a concussion so that they may provide accurate information to parents and athletes (Level B). To foster informed decision making, LHCPs should inform athletes (and where appropriate, the athletes' families) of evidence concerning the concussion risk factors as listed below. Accurate information regarding concussion risks also should b Risk Factors for Traumatic Brain Injury. Traumatic brain injuries kill more Americans under the age of 34 than all other diseases combined. The people most at risk of traumatic brain injury include: Children - newborns to 4-year-olds; Young adults - ages 15 and 24; Adults - ages 60 and older; Males in any age grou

Concussion risk factors and strategies for preventio

Concussion - Symptoms and causes - Mayo Clini

In most cases, concussion symptoms disappear within a month. If they do not, the person may have post-concussion syndrome. Read about the symptoms, causes, risk factors, and treatments here Biomarkers, Genetics, and Risk Factors for Concussion. Jonathan T. Finnoff DO, Corresponding Author. finnoff.jonathan@mayo.edu. Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Mayo Clinic College of Medicine, Mayo Clinic Sports Medicine Center, 200 First St SW, Rochester, MN 55905 Undiagnosed and untreated, concussions can lead to an increased risk of brain damage and injuries. Treatment Patients—or caretakers of a patient—that believe they have experienced a concussion should see their primary care physician and follow up with appropriate specialists on their concussion care team, including your eye doctor Concussion Among Military Service Academy Members: Identifying Risk Factors, Recovery Trajectories, And The Role Of Mental Health by Kathryn L. O'Connor A dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy (Kinesiology) in The University of Michigan 2018 Doctoral Committee

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Concussion Causes and Risk Factors - Sports-healt

Risk factors for prolonged recovery after concussion have been well researched, but specific objective clinical examination findings have not. This study examined whether clinical examination results could predict delayed recovery (DR) in individuals with concussion diagnosis. A secondary aim explored the influence of early examination on individual prognosis Five Factors Affecting Concussion Risk and Recovery. Heredity: Genetic history of neurological disorders can be passed down. Although these genetic profiles do not automatically guarantee a future. Concussion causes and risk factors. Concussions can happen from a direct hit to the head in contact sports, in a car crash, or during a hard fall. But they can also happen from an indirect hit that causes your head to jerk, like when you get whiplash. Sports that increase an athlete's risk of head trauma include Risk factors for complications or adverse outcomes following concussion in sport remain unclear. There is a suggestion that genetic factors may have an important role, 10 but the current consensus is that premature return to play (and subsequent second injury before the athlete has fully recovered from the initial concussion) may predispose to.

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Sport-related concussion (SRC) is a common mild traumatic brain injury among young, active individuals, affecting approximately 300,000 young American adults annually. In this review of the epidemiology of SRC, we describe the challenges in identifying concussion occurrence and review the studies describing concussion incidence in various sports. In high risk contact sports, American football. Purpose of Review Sport-related concussion (SRC) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) have been thrust into the national spotlight, with youth athletes bearing the burden of this public health problem. The current review aims to provide a practical summary of pediatric SRC, including key terminology, return to play/school, and risk factors for post-concussion syndrome (PCS). Recent Findings. Concussion Linked to 56 Percent Increase in Neurological Disease, UCSF Study Shows. A rear-ender in which the driver's head slams against the steering wheel or a helmet-to-helmet tussle with an opponent on the football field may increase one's risk for Parkinson's disease if concussion results, say researchers from the UCSF Weill. Concussions in high school athletes may be a risk factor for suicide. Concussion, the most common form of traumatic brain injury, has been linked to an increased risk of depression and suicide in.

Risk factors for sports concussion: an evidence-based

solely on risk factors or primary prevention in soccer, lacrosse, basketball, and wrestling—all sports in which concussions are common. Practical applications: This scoping review summarizes current research on concussion risk factors and primary prevention strategies in specific sports focused on youth athletes and identifie Concussion in sport: Call for health and safety protections to apply to athletes as they do to other workers. A DCMS report says health and safety protections from the state should apply as much. Risk factors for female athletes. Female athletes are more likely to sustain a concussion than their male counterparts. Like males, women report a range of symptoms after a concussion, such as headaches, mental fatigue, concentration difficulties and mood swings Some studies suggest that a concussion may also be accompanied by an increased risk of suicidal thinking, and there are concerns that repeated injuries could lead to long-term damage and brain.

Second Concussion Symptoms Last LongerSports-Related Injuries Among High School AthletesHigh Initial Concussion Symptom Score Suggests LongerChronic traumatic encephalopathy - Wikipedia

Individuals who had experienced a concussion were found to be at a greater risk of Parkinson disease, mood and anxiety disorders (MADs), dementia, and hyperactivity disorder, with concussed women.

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