Prevention of meningitis in child

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Vaccines can prevent many of the diseases that could lead to meningitis. Most of these shots are routinely given to young children. Some of these include: Haemophilus influenzae type B (Hib).. Meningitis is a swelling (inflammation) of the thin membranes that cover the brain and the spinal cord. These membranes are called the meninges. What causes meningitis in a child? Meningitis is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection that moves into the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF)

The management, prognosis, and prevention of viral meningitis in children will be discussed here. The epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, clinical manifestations, and diagnosis of viral meningitis in children are discussed separately The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends getting vaccinated against meningitis at age 11 or 12, followed by a booster shot at age 16 to 18. You have an increased risk of.. Among adults in developed countries, the mortality rate from bacterial meningitis is 21 percent. However, the use of conjugate vaccines has reduced the incidence of bacterial meningitis in children..

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Hib (Haemophilus influenzae type b) Vaccine This vaccine will decrease the chance of children becoming infected with Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) bacteria, which was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis among young children before this immunization became available Viral Meningitis. Viral meningitis (when meningitis is caused by a virus) is the most common type of meningitis. Most people get better on their own without treatment. However, anyone with symptoms of meningitis should see a doctor right away because any type of meningitis can be serious. Only a doctor can determine if someone has meningitis. Objectives: To describe the epidemiology and the associated mortality and serious neurological sequelae of bacterial meningitis in children under five years of age in Western Australia, and to consider the potential impact of a Haemophilus influenzae type b vaccine on this group of children. Design: A retrospective survey, using multiple sources of case ascertainment

The sequence and dosage depends on the child's age, medical condition, and vaccine brand. Some types of meningococcal vaccines can be given as early as 8 weeks of age. Kids 10 years and older with these risk factors also should get the MenB vaccine. They'll need 2 or 3 doses depending on the brand. They might need more booster doses as long as. Bacterial meningitis Acute bacterial meningitis must be treated immediately with intravenous antibiotics and sometimes corticosteroids. This helps to ensure recovery and reduce the risk of complications, such as brain swelling and seizures. The antibiotic or combination of antibiotics depends on the type of bacteria causing the infection

Prevention of meningococcal cases and outbreaks, through vaccination, is the best control strategy. Licensed vaccines against meningococcal disease have been available for more than 50 years. Vaccines are serogroup specific and the protection they confer is of varying duration, dependent on which type is used. While there have been major improvements in strain coverage and vaccine availability. The most effective prevention of neurological complications from bacterial meningitis is preventing the infection though infant and childhood vaccination programs. Despite the development of multiple vaccines against the organisms causing bacterial meningitis, there continue to be many meningitis outbreaks caused by vaccine-preventable. Some forms of bacterial meningitis are preventable with the following vaccinations: Haemophilus influenzae type b (Hib) vaccine. The World Health Organization (WHO) and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommend this vaccine for children starting at about 2 months of age

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A lumbar puncture, or spinal tap, is a procedure to take a sample of fluid from your child's spinal cord. A small needle is placed into your child's lower back. Fluid will be removed from around your child's spinal cord to be tested for the virus that causes meningitis Meningitis occurs when the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord become inflamed. This is normally caused by infection but can also have non-infectious causes. Read on to learn more about. Preventive measures include the use of vaccines that target Neisseria meningitidis, Haemophilus influenzae, and Streptococcus pneumoniae, as well as the use of chemoprophylaxis in selected situations Prevention of Bacterial Meningitis in Newborns While pregnant, women are typically screened for group B streptococci (GBS) in their genital tract. Pregnant women who have GBS may be given antibiotics at the time of delivery to prevent passing the bacteria to the newborn

Meningitis Symptoms, Causes & Prevention – Central Kasoa

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  1. Background To adapt communications concerning vaccine prevention, we studied knowledge, beliefs and practices around meningitis risk and prevention in a young adult population in Burkina Faso in 2016, 5 years after the MenAfriVac® mass campaign and one year before the vaccine's inclusion in the infant immunization schedule. Methods In a representative sample of the population aged 15 to 33.
  2. Nursing goals for a child with meningitis include adequate cerebral tissue perfusion through reduction in ICP, maintain normal body temperature, protection against injury, enhance coping measures, accurate perception of environmental stimuli, restoring normal cognitive functions and prevention of complications
  3. You'll usually be able to go home from hospital if you or your child has mild meningitis and tests show it's being caused by a viral infection. This type of meningitis will normally get better on its own without causing any serious problems. Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of res
  4. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Viral meningitis. Updated August 6, 2019. Hersi K, Gonzalez FJ, Kondamudi NP. Meningitis. In: StatPearls [Internet]. Updated February 26, 2021. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Meningococcal disease: age as a risk factor. Updated May 31, 2019
  5. Meningitis is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection that moves into the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF). Meningitis in Children Skip to topic navigatio
  6. Diagnosis, initial management, and prevention of meningitis. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(12):1491-1498. , Santosham M. Long-term sequelae of childhood bacterial meningitis: an underappreciated.

Meningitis is most often caused by a bacterial or viral infection that moves into the cerebral spinal fluid (CSF) meningitis ACWY vaccine - offered to teenagers, sixth formers and fresher students going to university for the first time, this protects against four types of bacteria that can cause meningitis. If your child was born before 2015 when the meningitis vaccine was introduced, you can arrange to have it done privately

The aim of this guideline is to outline the nursing care of an infant, child or young person with suspected or confirmed meningitis. This guideline has been staged, from initial assessment and management, which will occur most frequently in the emergency department, to ongoing assessments and management on the ward, as well as in the paediatric. Seizure Prevention Measures. A number of meningitis treatments can help prevent seizures, including: Fluid control. Careful intravenous (through a vein) fluid management helps reduce the risk of. The key to meningitis is the neck pain and stiffness. So if your child has severe neck pain and stiffness, and one or more of the other four symptoms, call your doctor to be seen right away, or page the doctor after hours. On the other hand, if your child does NOT have neck pain or stiffness, and DOES have the other symptoms, then it is less. H influenzae meningitis is caused by Haemophilus influenzae type b bacteria. This illness is not the same as the flu (), which is caused by a virus.Before the Hib vaccine, H influenzae was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children under age 5. Since the vaccine became available in the United States, this type of meningitis occurs much less often in children WHAT IS MENINGITIS? Meningitis is an inflammation of the covering of the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by viruses, parasites, fungi, and bacteria. Viral meningitis is most common and the least serious. Meningitis caused by bacteria is the most likely form of the disease to cause serious, long-term complications

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Ciprofloxacin for the Prevention of Meningococcal Meningitis The safety and scientific validity of this study is the responsibility of the study sponsor and investigators. Listing a study does not mean it has been evaluated by the U.S. Federal Government Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes around the spinal cord or brain. Bacterial meningitis is caused by bacterial and viral meningitis is caused by a virus. Meningitis symptoms in children include vomiting, rash, stiff neck, fever, seizure, nausea, increased sensitivity to light, and altered mental status. Treatment may include a breathing tube, a heart and breathing monitor, IV.


Prevention of Meningitis in Children Dr

  1. imize the incidence of.
  2. Meningitis is more likely to occur in childhood that at any other age. Preventive measures, in the form of vaccination programmes targeted at certain at-risk age groups, have drastically reduced the incidence in recent years. Early identification of symptoms remains vital in order to prevent mortality and reduce the likelihood of long-term effects
  3. Enteroviral meningitis occurs more often than bacterial meningitis and is milder. It usually occurs in the late summer and early fall. It most often affects children and adults under age 30. Symptoms may include: Headache. Sensitivity to light ( photophobia) Slight fever. Upset stomach and diarrhea. Fatigue
  4. No parent should have to endure watching their child suffer or lose a child to a potentially preventable illness. We formed the National Meningitis Association (NMA) in 2002 to prevent other families from experiencing the same loss or devastation. Routine vaccination for meningococcus and recent disease outbreaks. So much has changed since then
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Meningitis Prevention & Vaccination in Childre

  1. Meningitis is an uncommon but potentially dangerous infection. Babies under 2 months of age are at greater risk of getting meningitis, according to the American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP.
  2. Definition of bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, in particular the arachnoid and the pia mater, associated with the invasion of bacteria into the subarachnoid space, principles known for more than 100 years [Flexner, 1907].The pathogens take advantage of the specific features of the immune system in the CNS, replicate and induce inflammation.

Prevention of meningococcal meningitis. Nervenarzt. 2000;71(2):134-7. Bonadio WA, Mannenbach M, Krippendorf R. Bacterial meningitis in older children. Am J Dis Child. 1990;144(4):463-5. Chang KH, Han MH, Roh JK, Kim IO, Han MC, Kim CW. Gd-DTPA- enhanced MR imaging of the brain in patients with meningitis: comparison with CT Meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is a rare but potentially fatal disease. Several types of bacteria can first cause an upper respiratory tract infection and then travel through the bloodstream to the brain. The disease can also occur when certain bacteria invade the meninges directly As the early symptoms and signs of bacterial meningitis are non-specific, up to 50% of cases may initially receive oral antibiotics. 31 This partial treatment may delay the child's presentation to hospital and result in a diagnostic dilemma. The CSF findings may be altered; Gram stain and growth of organism may be negative, however.

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Neonatal bacterial meningitis most frequently results from the bacteremia that occurs with neonatal sepsis; the higher the colony count in the blood culture, the higher the risk of meningitis.Neonatal bacterial meningitis may also result from scalp lesions, particularly when developmental defects lead to communication between the skin surface and the subarachnoid space, which predisposes to. The prevention of GBS and E coli through maternal vaccination or the use of specific antibody preparations administered to at-risk neonates should be a research priority. The prevention of these two infections could reduce the incidence of neonatal meningitis in the UK by two thirds Viral and bacterial meningitis are the most common forms, a ccording to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. B ut fungi, parasites, head injury and certain diseases like some. A population based study of the impact of corticosteroid therapy and delayed diagnosis on the outcome of childhood pneumococcal meningitis. Arch Dis Child . 2005 Apr. 90(4):391-6. [Medline]

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Meningitis is an infection of the protective membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord (meninges). It can affect anyone, but is most common in babies, young children, teenagers and young adults. Meningitis can be very serious if not treated quickly. It can cause life-threatening blood poisoning (septicaemia) and result in permanent. GUIDELINES Guidelines for the Prevention, Diagnosis and Management of Cryptococcal Meningitis and Disseminated Cryptococcosis in HIV-infected patients Convenors: INTRODUCTION AND BACKGROUND Kerrigan McCarthy Reproductive Health and HIV Research Unit, University of the Witwatersrand While the developed world has seen a substantial decline in Graeme Meintjes Division of Infectious Diseases and.

Prevention is an important aspect of the management of pediatric bacterial meningitis because it has been shown to reduce mortality and morbidity. Preventive measures can be divided into 2 broad. Prevention. Many causes of meningitis can be prevented by immunisation. Please talk to your GP or local health service for information (see Immunisation fact sheet). Treatment. If you are worried your child may have meningitis, you must take your child to your local doctor or hospital immediately The prevention of bacterial meningitis includes: Vaccine. The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recommends that the meningococcal conjugated vaccine be given to adolescents entering high school and to college freshmen living in dormitories Meningococcal meningitis is observed worldwide, but the highest burden of the disease is in the meningitis belt of sub-Saharan Africa from Senegal to Ethiopia, with approximately 30,000 cases reported each year. In particular, meningitis is a major cause of death in children under 5 years old

Viral meningitis in children: Management, prognosis, and

Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes that surround the brain. Meningitis can be caused by either a virus or bacteria. Bacterial meningitis may be life-threatening OBJECTIVE: To assess the safety and efficacy of antithrombotic therapy (ATT) for secondary stroke prevention of childhood bacterial meningitis. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective study of cases of stroke associated with bacterial meningitis in 2 pediatric hospitals during a period of 15 years. Patients were included in the study if they were between.

Meningitis Fact Sheet. Meningitis Q&A. Meningitis (CDC) Meningococcal Disease in Georgia, 2008. ACIP Recommendations: Prevention and Control of Meningococcal Disease (May 27, 2005/Vol. 54/No. RR-7. Public Health Nurse Protocol Manual 2012 (Other Infectious Diseases Ear infection, an infection that occurs in the space behind the eardrum, is a common reason why your child sees a healthcare provider. Ear infections happen when bacteria or virus infect and trap fluid behind the eardrum, causing pain and swelling/bulging of the eardrum. Treatments include antibiotics, pain-relieving medications and placement.

Seizure prevention and treatment during the acute stage of meningitis can help reduce the chances of a post-meningitis seizure disorder. Management of inflammation and monitoring changes in intracranial pressure during the early stage can prevent long-term problems with hydrocephalus Salmonella bacteria are best known for the gastrointestinal problems they can cause. This type of illness, called gastroenteritis, usually affects the small intestine and is a common reason for diarrhea in children. Salmonella infections occur most often in children younger than 4 years Meningitis rates are at an all-time low in the U.S., and they have been declining since the 1990s due to vaccinations.. Since 2005, which was when the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Bacterial Meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. Three types of bacteria are responsible for 80% of all Bacterial Meningitis. These are: 1) Hemophilus influenzae (type B), 2) Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus), and 3) Neisseria meningitidis (Meningococcus) For example, a 6-year-old child with Mondini-type malformation and a cochlear implant in the left ear placed 2 years earlier developed rapidly fatal meningitis. 22 Examination of the temporal bones at autopsy showed that acute meningitis was related to right middle-ear infection and suppurative labyrinthitis. The left middle ear on the side of.

6 Ways to Prevent Meningitis - Meningitis Center

Amoebic meningitis. Amoebic meningitis may occur if water containing active amoebae goes up the nose. (Children are most at risk.) The disease is rare but usually fatal.It causes inflammation and eventual destruction of the brain and brain linings.; Attend a hospital emergency room urgently if you suspect anyone has contracted amoebic meningitis Meningococcal disease generally occurs 1-10 days after exposure and presents as meningitis in ≥50% of cases. Meningococcal meningitis is characterized by sudden onset of headache, fever, and stiffness of the neck, sometimes accompanied by nausea, vomiting, photophobia, or altered mental status Schools and child care settings can play a vital role in preventing the spread of communicable diseases. This can be accomplished by providing health education to students, child care center attendees, and parents on topics such as hand hygiene, and appropriately excluding ill children from the school and child care setting

Lyme disease is a bacterial infection transmitted through the bite of an infected deer tick (blacklegged tick). It is the most common tick-borne disease in the U.S. and was first reported in Lyme, Connecticut. Lyme disease is most common in the Northeast and upper Midwest regions of the U.S Alongside country specialists and partners working in meningitis prevention and control, WHO developed a roadmap to defeat meningitis by 2030. In addition to this plan, a new vaccine that will protect against several types of bacterial meningitis is on the horizon To evaluate whether oral fluconazole reduces the risk of a first episode of cryptococcal meningitis in HIV-infected patients, we conducted a case-control study of patients cared for in a university teaching hospital and two urban HIV-outpatient clinics. Cases consisted of HIV-infected patients with CD4 cell counts less than 250/μL who developed a first episode of cryptococcal meningitis. Meningococcal Disease Prevention: Strengthening Protection in Adolescents Caitlin Anton September 27, 2018 . • Serious outcomes include meningitis and meningococcemia (bloodstream infection) 1 • 10%-15% death rate, even with antibiotics child is fully protected with only the ACWY vaccine Prevention (CDC), the best way to prevent bacterial meningitis is through immunization. Vaccines are available to prevent pneumococcal, meningococcal, and HIB meningitis. There are no vaccines to prevent viral meningitis, although the usual immunizations for measles, mumps, and influenza will help to prevent meningitis from those organisms. The CD

What is meningitis? Meningitis is an infection of the tissue lining and fluid If your child has symptoms of meningococcal disease, Disease Control and Prevention, and the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia. (Revised 3-11 Prevention The most effective way to protect you and your child against certain types of bacterial meningitis is to complete the recommended vaccine schedule. There are vaccines for three types of bacteria that can cause meningitis. They are Neisseria meningitidis (meningococcus), Streptococcus pneumoniae. Prevention. Vaccination The most effective way to protect against bacterial meningitis is to complete the recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule. People are vaccinated against most strains of meningitis when they are adolescents, but serogroup B (also called meningitis B) is not included in the routine vaccine given

Prevention and Control of Communicable Diseases Viral Meningitis 213-214 Parent Fact Sheet 215 Warts 216 child may decrease the spread of the disease to others in the childcare and school settings. Recommended exclusion varies by the disease or infectious agent. Children with the symptoms liste Meningitis vaccines protect against meningococcal disease, which is a serious bacterial illness. MinuteClinic ® offers the two types of meningococcal vaccines available in the United States:. Meningococcal conjugate vaccines (Menactra ® and Menveo ®); Serogroup B meningococcal vaccines (Bexsero ® and Trumenba ®); Many colleges and boarding schools require their students be vaccinated in. Aggressive early treatment of meningococcal disease can reduce mortality. This relies on prompt recognition and treatment of the complications of septicaemia and meningitis, appropriate ongoing intensive care where necessary, and adequate management of multiple organ failure. Most children with meningococcal disease survive intact, but long term sequelae are increasingly recognised and make.

Diagnosis, Initial Management, and Prevention of Meningiti

OBJECTIVES: The pathogens that cause bacterial meningitis in infants and their antimicrobial susceptibilities may have changed in this era of increasing antimicrobial resistance, use of conjugated vaccines, and maternal antibiotic prophylaxis for group B Streptococcus (GBS). The objective was to determine the optimal empirical antibiotics for bacterial meningitis in early infancy [Infectious meningitis with clear cerebrospinal fluid and purulent meningitis in children. Epidemiology, etiology, diagnosis, course, prognosis, prevention, treatment] Bourrillon A. Rev Prat, 44(9):1253-1261, 01 May 1994 Cited by: 0 articles | PMID: 793935

Meningitis can be fatal and some people with this infection will die. Can bacterial meningitis be prevented? Vaccines are available to help prevent bacterial meningitis. Children now routinely get a meningitis vaccine around ages 11 to 12. A booster shot is given at age 16. Ask your healthcare provider if you or your children should be vaccinated Meningitis: Causes, Signs, Symptoms & Prevention Wegener's Disease: Causes, Signs, Symptoms & Prevention Bangalore has a premier new-age boarding school that ensures holistic development of childre

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Viral meningitis is a disease of the central nervous system in which acute inflammation of the external membrane of the brain and spinal cord (meninges) occurs. It is more prevalent in small children. The general manifestations are a severe headache, a stiffness of the neck, photosensitivity and frequent seizures As recently as the mid-1980's, Hib disease struck one child out of 200 under 5 years old in the United States. Every year about 12,000 children got meningitis (inflammation of the covering of the brain) as a result of Hib. In fact, Hib disease was the leading cause of bacterial meningitis in children under five Bacterial meningitis is an infection of the fluid around the spinal cord or brain caused by a bacteria. Many kinds of bacteria may cause meningitis, but the most common are: Streptococcus pneumoniae (Pneumococcus National Survey Reveals Mothers Are Unaware Of The CDC Recommendations For Prevention Of Meningococcal Meningitis, A Disease That Can Potentially Kill In 24 Hours Olympic Medalist swimmer and. Prevent the spread of bacterial meningitis: Wash your hands often. Wash your hands several times each day. Wash after you use the bathroom, change a child's diaper, and before you prepare or eat food. Use soap and water every time. Rub your soapy hands together, lacing your fingers. Wash the front and back of your hands, and in between your.

Bacterial Meningitis: Causes, Symptoms, Treatment & Preventio

  1. View This Abstract Online; Antimicrobial treatment and prevention of meningitis. Pediatr Ann. 1994; 23(2):76-81 (ISSN: 0090-4481). Klein JO. The efficacy of the conjugate polysaccharide H influenzae type b vaccine has resulted in a reduction in the number of cases of meningitis
  2. e treatment. For a less serious case of viral meningitis, doctors will swab your child's nose and throat
  3. Bacterial meningitis is a global public health concern, with several responsible etiologic agents that vary by age group and geographical area. The aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis was to assess the etiology of bacterial meningitis in different age groups across global regions. PubMed and EMBASE were systematically searched for English language studies on bacterial meningitis.

Prevention of bacterial meningitis. Some forms of meningitis can be prevented by immunisation: Haemophilus influenzae type b can be prevented with Hib immunisation, which is available for free (as part of a combination vaccine) through the National Immunisation Program Schedule. It is routinely offered for babies but needs to be purchased on. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), meningitis B is caused by the bacteria N. meningitidis. Illnesses caused by this bacteria are referred to broadly as. Neonatal infections currently cause about 1.6 million deaths annually in developing countries. Sepsis and meningitis are responsible for most of these deaths. Resistance to commonly used antibiotics is emerging and constitutes an important problem world wide. To reduce global neonatal mortality, strategies of proven efficacy, such as hand washing, barrier nursing, restriction of antibiotic use. Meningitis is inflammation of the membranes (meninges) that surround the brain and spinal cord.; Infectious diseases like bacteria or viruses, a fungus, or parasites can cause meningitis.Some cases of meningitis can be noninfectious in origin. Headache, fever, and stiff neck are the most common symptoms of meningitis. Confusion or lethargy can also be present Maternal, Child and Adolescent Health has worked to develop recommendations on diagnosis, prevention and management of cryptococcal disease in adults, adolescents and children5. The evidence to support these recommendations has been assembled through a series of coordinated activities to review and synthesize existing an

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Patient education: Meningitis in children (Beyond the

Meningococcal disease is a bacterial infection that causes two very serious illnesses: meningitis (an infection of the membranes that cover the brain) and septicaemia (blood poisoning). Meningococcal disease is caused by a bacterial infection and can cause death or permanent disability, such as deafness The meningitis vaccine for adults is usually a single dose that is injected either into a muscle or under the skin. Side effects of a meningitis vaccination are minor such as mild pain or soreness at the injection site and slight fever. It is very rare for a meningitis vaccine to cause a severe allergic reaction

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Neonatal meningitis is a serious medical condition in infants that is rapidly fatal if untreated.Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the protective membranes of the central nervous system, is more common in the neonatal period (infants less than 44 days old) than any other time in life, and is an important cause of morbidity and mortality globally The Meningitis Research Foundation's guide to recovering from childhood bacterial meningitis and septicaemia (PDF, 6.73Mb) has more information about meningitis after effects and aftercare. Preventing meningitis. Meningitis can be caused by a number of different infections, so several vaccinations offer some protection against it Meningitis, inflammation of the meninges, the membranes covering the brain and spinal cord. Meningitis can be caused by various infectious agents, including viruses, fungi, and protozoans, but bacteria produce the most life-threatening forms. Learn more about meningitis in this article Meningitis is an infection of the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. Both viruses and bacteria cause meningitis. Bacterial meningitis can be life-threatening; viral meningitis seldom is. Learn more about bacterial meningitis through this quiz Meningitis is an inflammation of the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. It can be caused by a number of infectious agents including viruses and bacteria. The type of meningitis and its cause can only be determined by conducting laboratory tests. Viral meningitis (also called aseptic meningitis) is the most common type of meningitis.